Planet Earth is a very interesting being out of all the solar system. And the reasons go a long way other than just being the only planet in the galaxy which supports life. Our planet earth is 71% water and 29% of it is land. 31% of the land is forests and rainforests.
If it rains more than 60 inches per year in a forest, it is considered as a rainforest. There are two types of rainforests on earth: tropical rainforests and temperate rainforests.
Tropical rainforests are found closer to the equator. They are warm as compared to the temperate ones because they are located far from the equator. Both have very dense vegetation. They receive rain all year long and very little light gets through from the roof of trees.
The Amazon Rainforest
The Amazon rainforest is the biggest rainforest in the world. This rainforest covers an area of 1.2 billion acres. It covers most of the northwestern Brazil and extends further to Peru, Columbia and South American countries. This rainforest is famous for its biodiversity. Because it is home to 10% of the world’s known species. It makes about half of the rainforests on the planet.
The Congo Rainforest
The area this African rainforest covers is 1.5 million square miles. However, due to the deforestation this rainforest has become one of the most endangered ecosystems in the world. This rainforest has 5 national parks open for public. These national parks are some of the UNESCO heritage sites.
The Valdivian Temperate Rainforest
The Valdivian Temperate Rainforest is an eco-region. It covers most of Chile and some part of Argentina. The area this rainforest covers is 12.7 million hectares. This rainforest is named after Pedro de Valdivia, the founder of the city Valdivia. This forest is famous for rare animal species and 50-foot tall trees.
Located on the northeast coast of the Queensland, Australia, Daintree rainforest is covering an area of 1,200 square kilometers. This rainforest has a national park called Daintree National Park and a river called Daintree River. This rainforest has the most number of rarest plant and animal species to ever exist on earth.
South East Asian Rainforest
Covering 1,112,000 square miles the Southeast Asian rainforest is twice as big as Alaska. This rainforest stretches all the way from India to Malaysia. These forests were the most biodiverse forests on the planet. Most of the land here met with excessive deforestation for farming and logging. These forests in Malaysia are about 100 million years old.
Tongass National Forest
Tongass National Forest is the biggest U.S National Forest and is present in the Southeast Alaska. This rain forest covers an area of about 67,583 square kilometers. Interestingly, half of this forest consists of tall trees and vegetation while the other half consists of ice and water. This region is a home to 75,000 people living in 32 communities.
Kinabalu National Park
Covering an area of about 754 square kilometers, Kinabalu National Park is present in Malaysia. Malaysian government established it in 1964. UNESCO named it as a World Heritage Site in 2000. This forest is one of the world’s most diverse ecosystems.
Together, all of these rainforests make 28% of world’s oxygen supply. Some of these forests are being cut down. This is very dangerous to the environment as well as the ecosystems. To stop the issues like global warming which are destroying our planet we need to plant more trees. We also need to take care of the ones which already exist. On that note, Happy planting! 🙂