Arthritis is a term used for a number of health condition related to swollen joints. There are about 200 conditions of arthritis. There  are different causes which affect joint health. The tissues around the joints and the other tissues which are connective to the joint tissues are also effected by arthritis. Arthritis is a rheumatic condition.

Rheumatic conditions are inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. In these conditions, the immune system of a human body attacks itself. These diseases effect joints, bones, muscles and organs. These diseases often come under the umbrella of ‘arthritis’.



People suffering from any types of arthritis may experience symptoms like;

  • Tenderness and stiffness in specific body parts
  • Aching, pain
  • Swollen joints
  • Restricted movements in the joints
  • Red, warm skin in the affected area
  • Weakness
  • Muscles pain

There are about 200 types of arthritis. These types are grouped into 7 groups. These groups are as follows;

  1. Back pain: joints, muscles, nerves, ligaments, discs in the backbone hurt
  2. Inflammatory arthritis: inflammation occurs in specific part of body and is very painful
  3. Soft tissue musculoskeletal pain: pain is felt in the tissues
  4. Degenerative/mechanical arthritis: the cartilage at the ends of the bones is damaged
  5. Infectious arthritis: inflammation caused in the joints when a bacterium or a virus enters it
  6. Metabolic arthritis: accumulation of uric acid in the joints makes needle-like crystals in the joints
  7. Connective tissue disease: pain and inflammation in different organs other than joints



There are a number of factors which cause arthritis; some of them are as follows;

  • Injury which can further lead to degenerative arthritis
  • Infections such as the arthritis of the Lyme disease
  • An abnormal metabolism
  • Inheritance (in many cases osteoarthritis runs in the families)
  • Immune system dysfunction

Treatments for all sorts of arthritis focus on minimizing the pain and controlling the joint damage. They also focus on improving and maintaining the functioning of joints. There are a number of treatments to cure and limit arthritis. However, therapies are frequently and preferably used procedures. Some of the treatments are as follows;


  • Medications prescribes by your doctor
  • Splints or joints assistive aids
  • Weight loss
  • Physical therapy
  • Occupational therapy
  • Non-pharmacologic therapies
  • Patient education

If you are experiencing any of the above mentioned symptoms, this could be an initial sign for a health condition like arthritis. It’s better to consult your doctor sooner than later. Eat healthy and take care of your health in all the ways you can. Happy living everyone!


Posted by:Aqeela Nawaz Malik

A free soul.

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